around the fingernail or Periungual warts cause peeling and roughening
of the surface on both feet and hands. They appear elevated and
irregular. Warts of this kind often cause damage to the nail either
by lifting the nail from the skin or causing the nail to partially
detach. If they extend under the nail, then the patient may suffer
pain as a result. Sometimes periungual wart infections resemble
the changes that are found in onychomycosis. In worst cases, if
the infection causes injury or damage to the nail matrix, deformity
in the nail may become permanent.
Periungual Warts: Causes
A number of factors can contribute to the development of Periungual
warts. But just like the other warts, it is attributed by Human
Papillomavirus (HPV). Once the virus penetrates the skin through
an opening in a wound or a scratch, the cell rapidly multiplies
and may even extend to some other body parts.
It should be noted that warts can spread through direct skin contact,
abrasion or trauma, or friction exposure. They also dwell on moist
surroundings like shower areas and comfort rooms.
Periungual Warts: Complications
Generally warts do not advance life threatening issues nor do they
cause much of an inconvenience. However, they may affect day to
day living depending on their position in the body or side effects
like itching. Periungual warts are examples of irritating infections
and sometimes painful if extended under the nail. These warts are
easily spotted because of their appearance around the fingernails
like common skin diseases.
Warts are oftentimes unpredictable in their behavior. Sometimes
they disappear without any medical attention or medication, but
sometimes they may come back and stay for many years. Statistics
show that children and young adults have greater risks of acquiring
warts. This is due to their under developed biological defenses.
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Periungual Warts: Treatment
For fast and clean treatment of Periungual warts, laser surgery
may be availed by the patients for eliminating warts in just one
session. There may be a couple of disadvantages like cost and availability
of equipment. Laser treatment is by far the most expensive remedy
for removal of warts and not all medical institutions have the necessary
to equipment for the process.
One of the famous treatments is Cryotherapy which is the application
of liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy warts within the area.
Liquid nitrogen must sink into sufficient depth of the skin for
this treatment to be effective. One drawback for Cryotherapy is
that infected sin cells may proliferate in the surrounding areas.
The use of Salycilic Acid may also be used to cure finger warts.
The acid is spread on individual warts growing to burn and subsequently
destroy the wart. Since it involves acid treatment, it may cause
pain and later on scars for the treated patient. Salicylic acid
may require sometime to kill the warts and enough time for the irritated
area to heal before proceeding on to the other affected areas.